Largest island of the Svalbard (“cold land” in Viking), the northernmost area of the world, Spitzberg is 280 miles long from north to south, for 225 miles wide from east to west. Exceptional outcrops of its geological layers, including the primary era have been a major source of current knowledge on the tectonic movements and the flora and fauna of geological periods. Spitsberg has only two cities : Longyearbyen with about 1600 inhabitants, and Barentsburg, populated by 850 Russian residents. The main economic activities were the mining, and whaling. On this island is now installing the Svalbard Global Seed Vault , an international cold storage of food grains, aimed at preserving biodiversity.
To see and visit
- Longyearbyen, mines, village
- The Arctic wildlife: bears, seals, reindeer …
Where is it?
Fjord Svea, Svalbard, Norway.