Idée #645 – Visiting the historic city of Florence in Tuscany
Florence was built on the site of an Etruscan settlement and the site of the last Roman colony of Florentia, founded in 59 BC This Tuscan city became the symbol of the Renaissance at the beginning of the Medici period, between the 15th century and the 16th century, reaching extraordinary levels of economic and cultural development.
The current historic center covers an area of 505 ha and is bounded by the remains of the 14th century city walls. These walls are represented by the gates, towers and two strongholds of the Medici, the fort of St. John the Baptist to the north, commonly known as “da Basso”, and the fort of San Giorgio del Belvedere located in the hills to the south. from the city. The Arno River crosses the city from east to west and a series of bridges connect the two banks, including the Ponte Vecchio and the Ponte Santa Trinita.
Seven hundred years of exceptional artistic and cultural creativity are exemplified by its 14th century Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore, Santa Croce Church, Palazzo Vecchio, the Uffizi Gallery and the Pitti Palace. The history of the city is also reflected in the artistic works of great masters such as Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli and Michelangelo.
The historic center of Florence can be seen as an exceptional urban and social achievement, the result of enduring and enduring creativity, which includes museums, churches, buildings and works of art of inestimable value. Florence had a major influence on the development of architecture and the fine arts, first in Italy, then in Europe. It was in the context of Florence that the concept of Renaissance was born. This heritage gives Florence exceptional historical and aesthetic qualities. The city is registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Where is it ?
Florence, Toscane, Italie