European Capital of Culture in 2000, Krakow is one of the most oldest and most important Polish cities. According to legend, the city was founded by the leader of people of Vislanes, Krak (or Krakus) on Wawel Hill, above the lair of a dragon. In 1038, Krakow became the capital of Poland. Destroyed by the Tatars, it was rebuilt in 1257 and became member of the Hanseatic League. Between 1491 and 1495 Copernicus studied in Krakow ; through the streets you will see several allusions to famous scientist (globes, etc.). There are three centuries, Krakow was described by the famous writer Mateusz Merian like that : “Cracovia totius Poloniae celeberrima atque amplissima urbs regia atque Academia insignis” , that is to say Krakow, most city famous and the most illustrious of all Poland, distinguished by its Academy . Occupied by the Nazis in 1939, it came under the Soviet regime at the end of the Second World War, which earned him many damage . Nevertheless, it remains an interesting architectural heritage, listed on the UNESCO mondial heritage, in 1978.
To see and visit
- Wawel Castle
- the door of the city and the Barbican
- the Rynek, great place, and churches, as well as the belfry
- alleys of the Old City
Where is it?