Idea #482 – Observing the mud volcanoes of Gobustan in Azerbaijan
The reserve of Gobustan, at approximately 65 km in the southwest of Baku, was based in 1966 to protect the rock art of the region as well as the mud volcanos and the monoliths called “gaval dash”. This reserve is the most visited of Azerbaijan.
We consider that approximately 300 of 700 mud volcanos of the world is are Gobustan and in the Caspian Sea, of which the biggest which measures more than 8 meters diameter. They are formed by the ascent of natural gas on-surface, mainly some methane, taking with him liquid muds of schist which forms craters by drying. Many geologists, foreign or local tourists visit sites as crater of Firouz, Gobustan or Salyan to whitewash of mud in the therapeutic renowned virtues. In 2001 a mud volcano in 15 km from Baku hit the headlines all over the world when flames fifteen meters high began to escape from his crater …
Where is it?
Reserve of Gobustan, Azerbaïdjan